Income and Education Inequalities in Brain and Central Nervous System Cancer Incidence in Canada: Trends over Two Decades
Authors: Alysha Roberts, Min Hu, and Mohammad Hajizadeh
The socioeconomic gradient of brain and central nervous system (CNS) cancer incidence in Canada is poorly understood. This study aimed to measure socioeconomic inequalities in brain and CNS cancer incidence in Canada from 1992 to 2010. Using a unique census division level dataset (n = 280) pooled from the Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR), the Canadian Census of Population and the National Household Survey, we measured brain and CNS cancer incidence in Canada. The age-adjusted concentration index (C) was used to measure income- and education-related inequalities in brain and CNS cancers in Canada, and for men and women, separately. Time trend analyses were conducted to examine the changes in socioeconomic inequalities in brain and CNS cancers in Canada over time. The results indicated that the crude brain and CNS cancer incidence increased from 7.29 to 8.17 per 100,000 (annual percentage change: 0.70) over the study period. The age-adjusted C results suggested that the brain and CNS cancer incidence was not generally significantly different for census division of different income and educational levels. There was insufficient evidence to support changes in income and education-related inequalities over time. Since the incidence of brain and CNS cancers in Canada showed no significant association with socioeconomic status, future cancer control programs should focus on other risk factors for this cancer subset.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
Alan G. Green and David A. Green (2016).
Immigration and the Canadian earnings distribution in the first half of the twentieth century
Journal of Economic History , 387-426
Sébastien Breau, Dieter Kogler, and Kenyon Bolton (2014).
On the relationship between innovation and wage inequality: New evidence from Canadian cities
Economic Geography , 351-373
Aila Sinikka Okkola and Cédric Brunelle (2017).
Has the oil boom generated new problems of housing affordability in resource-driven agglomerations in Canada? A case study of St. John's, Saskatoon, Calgary, Edmonton, and Fort McMurray, 1991-2011
Urban Geography , 29-Jan