Illness related wage and productivity losses: Valuing ‘presenteeism’
Authors: Wei Zhang, Huiying Sun, Simon Woodcock, and Aslam Anis
One source of productivity loss due to illness is the reduced “quantity” or “quality” of labor input while working, often referred to as presenteeism. Illness-related presenteeism has been found to be potentially more costly than absenteeism. To value presenteeism, existing methods use wages as a proxy for marginal productivity at the firm level. However, wage may not equal marginal productivity in some scenarios. One instance is when a job involves team production and perfect substitutes for workers are not readily available. Using a Canadian linked employer-employee survey (2001-2005), we test whether relative wage equals relative marginal productivity among team workers and non-team workers with different frequencies of presenteeism (reduction at work due to illness). For the pooled cross-sectional estimates (2001, 2003, 2005) we obtain 13,755 observations with 6842 unique workplaces. There are 6490 observations for the first differences estimates from the odd years and 5263 observations for the first differences estimates from 2001 to 2002 and 2003 to 2004. We find that in both small and large firms, team workers with frequent reductions at work are less productive but earn similarly compared with non-team workers without reductions. We also find that in small firms, workers with occasional work reductions are more productive than workers without reductions, but the reverse is true in large firms. The study findings partially support the literature stating that productivity loss resulting from employee presenteeism could exceed wages if team work is involved.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
|Author||Wei Zhang, Huiying Sun, Simon Woodcock, and Aslam Anis|
|Title||Illness related wage and productivity losses: Valuing ‘presenteeism’|
|Journal Name||Social Science and Medicine|
- Wei Zhang
- Wei Zhang, Huiying Sun, Simon Woodcock, and Aslam Anis
- Illness related wage and productivity losses: Valuing ‘presenteeism’
- Social Science and Medicine
Sarah Curtis, M.S. Setia, and Amélie Quesnel-Vallée (2009).
Socio-demographic mobility and health status: a longitudinal analysis using the National Population Health Survey of Canada
Social Science and Medicine , 1845-1853
William J. Magee (2004).
Effects of illness and disability on job separation
Social Science and Medicine , 1121-1135
Marcie Snyder and Kathi Wilson (2012).
Urban Aboriginal mobility in Canada: Examining the association with health care utilization
Social Science and Medicine , 2420-2424
Ling Na and Dale Hample (2016).
Psychological pathways from social integration to health: An examination of different demographic groups in Canada
Social Science and Medicine , 196-205
Grant Gibson and Luc Clair (2019).
O brother how art thou: Propensity to report self-assessed unmet need
Social Science and Medicine
Chao Wang and Arthur Sweetman (2013).
Gender, family status and physician labour supply
Social Science and Medicine , 17-25
J. T. McDonald and R. Trenholm (2010).
Cancer-related health behaviours and health service use among Inuit and other residents of Canada's north
Social Science and Medicine , 1396-1403