Examining changes in reported work conditions in Quebec, Ontario and Saskatchewan between 1994 and 2003-05
Authors: P. Smith, S. Morassaei, and C. Mustard
Objectives: To examine changes in work hours, work schedules, the psychosocial work environment and job satisfaction in three Canadian provinces between 1994 and 2003-05. Methods: The study sample consisted of 46,998 respondents over four cross-sectional surveys: 1994, 2000 and 2003/05 in Quebec, Ontario and Saskatchewan. Using regression models, we examined trends in work conditions across survey cycles both unadjusted, and after adjustment for differences in age, education, gender, immigration, and method of interview. Results: Crude models observed increases in rotating shifts, long work hours and job security between 1994 and 2003-05, and decreases in physical demands and job satisfaction. When models were adjusted for changes in labour market demographics and educational capacity, we further observed decreases in skill discretion, decision authority, co-worker support and in regular scheduled work across survey cycles. We also noted differences in trends for two outcomes (decision authority and co-worker support) depending on interview method. Conclusions: Employees in Quebec, Ontario and Saskatchewan were more likely to be working longer hours, at non-standard time during the week, and to be less satisfied with their jobs between 1994 and 2003/05. In addition, it appears the labour market in these provinces has not adjusted sufficiently to accommodate the increasing number of workers with high levels of education and increasing age, with declines observed in decision authority, skill discretion and co-worker support once these changes were taken into account.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
|Author||P. Smith, S. Morassaei, and C. Mustard|
|Title||Examining changes in reported work conditions in Quebec, Ontario and Saskatchewan between 1994 and 2003-05|
|Journal Name||Canadian Journal of Public Health|
- P. Smith
- P. Smith, S. Morassaei, and C. Mustard
- Examining changes in reported work conditions in Quebec, Ontario and Saskatchewan between 1994 and 2003-05
- Canadian Journal of Public Health
P. Smith, J. W. Frank, and C. A. Mustard (2008).
The monitoring and surveillance of the psychosocial work environment in Canada: A forgotten determinant of health
Canadian Journal of Public Health , 475-477
Peter Smith, Cameron Mustard, Hong Lu, and Rick Glazier (2013).
Comparing the risk associated with psychosocial work conditions and health behaviours on incident hypertension over a nine-year period in Ontario, Canada
Canadian Journal of Public Health , e82-e86
L. Lethbridge and S. Phipps (2005).
Chronic poverty and childhood asthma in the Maritimes versus the rest of Canada
Canadian Journal of Public Health , 18-23
Christopher J. Ryan, Martin J. Cooke, Scott T. Leatherdale, Sharon I. Kirkpatrick, and Piotr Wilk (2015).
The correlates of current smoking among adult Métis: Evidence from the Aboriginal Peoples Survey and Métis supplement
Canadian Journal of Public Health , 271-276
Maegan V. Mazereeuw, Diana R. Withrow, E. Diane Nishri, Michael Tjepkema, and Loraine D. Marrett (2018).
Cancer incidence in First Nation adults in Canada: Follow up of the 1991 census cohort (1992-2009)
Canadian Journal of Public Health , 700-709
Kelly Woltman and Bruce Newbold (2007).
Immigrant women and cervical cancer screening uptake: A multilevel analysis
Canadian Journal of Public Health , 470-476
Lynn McIntyre, Aaron C. Bartoo, Jody Pow, and Melissa L. Potestio (2012).
Coping with child hunger in Canada: have household strategies changed over a decade?
Canadian Journal of Public Health , 428-432