Beyond weight: Examining the association of obesity with cardiometabolic related inpatient costs among Canadian adults using linked population based survey and hospital administrative data
Authors: Neeru Gupta and Zihao Sheng
Background The global population has transitioned to one where more adults are living with obesity than are underweight. Obesity is associated with the development of cardiometabolic diseases and widely attributed to increased hospital resource use; however, empirical evidence is limited regarding obesity prevention to support hospital cost containment. This study aims to test for obesity in predicting hospitalization costs for cardiometabolic conditions among the Canadian population aged 45 and over. Methods Data from the 2007-2011 Canadian Community Health Survey were linked to eight years of hospital discharge records. A cohort was identified of inpatients admitted for diabetes, hypertension, and other cardiometabolic diseases. Multiple linear regressions were used to investigate the association between obesity status and inpatient costs, controlling for sociodemographic and behavioural factors. Results The target cohort included 23,295 admissions for cardiometabolic diseases. Although inflation-adjusted inpatient costs generally increased over time, compared with the non-obese group, living with obesity was not a significant predictor of differences in cardiometabolic-related resource use (0.972 [95% CI: 0.926–1.021]). Being female and rural residence were found to be protective factors. Conclusions Obesity was not found in this study to be independently linked to higher cardiometabolic hospitalization costs, suggesting that actions to mitigate disease progression in the population may be more beneficial than simply promoting weight loss. Results amplified the need to consider gender and urbanization when formulating which levers are most amenable to adoption of healthy lifestyles to reduce impacts of obesogenic environments to the healthcare system.
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|Author||Neeru Gupta and Zihao Sheng|
|Title||Beyond weight: Examining the association of obesity with cardiometabolic related inpatient costs among Canadian adults using linked population based survey and hospital administrative data|
|Journal Name||BMC Health Services Research|
- Neeru Gupta
- Neeru Gupta and Zihao Sheng
- Beyond weight: Examining the association of obesity with cardiometabolic related inpatient costs among Canadian adults using linked population based survey and hospital administrative data
- BMC Health Services Research
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