The Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB) combines linked administrative immigration and tax data files. It is a comprehensive source of data on the socio-economic outcomes of the immigrant tax filer population in Canada. The database is managed by Statistics Canada on behalf of a federal-provincial consortium led by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). The IMDB provides detailed and reliable information on the labour market behaviour of different categories of immigrants over a period that is long enough to assess the impact of characteristics at admission, such as education and knowledge of French or English. The database also provides information on pre-admission work or study experience in Canada, provincial mobility and family composition.
The benefits of analysis using the IMDB include:
- Support for evidence based policy making;
- Increase the use of administrative data sources for research, thereby reducing the cost of data collection and the burden on respondents for surveys;
- Allow inferential statistical analysis on the confidential microdata and analytical work complex in nature or not suitable for other forms of data access.
Since 1980, over 2.2 million immigrants who were admitted to Canada were aged less than 18 years old at the time of admission. This represents almost 25% of immigrants admitted during that timeframe. Children will most likely receive all or part of their education in Canada and have different challenges than adult immigrants. Little information is available about immigrant children during their childhood in the Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB), as they are not tax filers. In order to increase the analytical capability of the IMDB a children module was produced. The ability to study the impact of the childhood socioeconomic condition on adulthood economic outcome is an added value to the IMDB.
Please note that additional documentation is available for this survey. Please contact your RDC analyst to request this documentation.
A supplementary list of firm-level variables is linkable to the IMDB to facilitate an understanding of the labour market connection for individuals in the database. These variables are drawn from the Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamic Database.
|1980-2021||Longitudinal Immigration Database|
Naomi Lightman (2021).
Does Care Count for Less? Tracing the Income Trajectories of Low Status Female Immigrant Workers in Canada, 1993-2015
Canadian Studies in Population , 29?57
Lisa Kaida, Max Stick, and Feng Hou (2021).
Changes in Selection Policy and Refugee Welfare Use in Canada
Naomi Lightman, Rupa Banerjee, Ethel Tungohan, Conely de Leon, and Philip Kelly (2021).
An intersectional pathway penalty: Filipina immigrant women inside and outside Canada's Live-In Caregiver Program
Michael Haan, Yoko Yoshida, Jonathan Amoyaw, and Natalie Iciaszczyk (2021).
Becoming permanent: The transition characteristics of temporary foreign workers to permanent residents in Canada
International Migration , 24-Aug
Kate H. Choi, Sagi Ramaj, and Michael Haan (2021).
Age of the oldest child and internal migration of immigrant families: A study using administrative data from immigrant landing and tax files
Population, Space and Place
Office of the Auditor General of British Columbia (2020).
Skills immigration stream of the British Columbia provincial nominee program
Yoko Yoshida and Jonathan Amoyaw (2020).
Transition to adulthood of refugee and immigrant children in Canada
Applied Psycholinguistics , 1465-1495
Lisa Kaida, Feng Hou, and Max Stick (2020).
The long-term economic outcomes of refugee private sponsorship
Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series
Lisa Kaida, Feng Hou, and Max Stick (2020).
The long-term economic outcomes of refugee private sponsorship / Résultats économiques à long terme des réfugiés parrainés par le secteur privé
Charles Fleury, Danièle Bélanger, and Aline Lechaume (2020).
Réformes de l'immigration au Québec en 2019 et 2020: La logique politique à l’épreuve de l'analyse statistique
Revue Canadienne de Sociologie / Canadian Review of Sociology , 453-472
Charles Fleury, Danièle Bélanger, and Aline Lechaume (2019).
Performance économique des immigrants admis au Québec dans le cadre du programme de l'expérience québécoise (PEQ)
Publications des chercheurs
Nicholas Jackson (2019).
How does language proficiency in French versus English affect the employability of immigrants in Canada?
Lisa Kaida, Feng Hou, and Max Stick (2019).
The long-term economic integration of resettled refugees in Canada: A comparison of privately sponsored refugees and government-assisted refugees
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies , 1687-1708
Alexandra M. Bozheva and Victoria M. Esses (2019).
IMDB analysis of immigrant settlement geography and retention rates for CMAs and CAs in Ontario, 2002-2016
James Frideres, Shibao Guo, Abdie Kazemipur, Morton Weinfeld, and Lloyd Wong (2019).
Mapping racial and ethnic studies in Canada: Retrospective and prospective views of Canadian Ethnic Studies Chairs
Canadian Ethnic Studies , 18-Jan
Marshia Akbar and Valerie Preston (2019).
Social characteristics of international students in Ontario and Quebec
Rose Evra and Abdolmohammad Kazemipur (2019).
The role of social capital and ethnocultural characteristics in the employment income of immigrants over time
Insights on Canadian Society , 16-Jan
Charles Fleury, Danièle Bélanger, and Guillaume Haemmerli (2018).
Les travailleurs étrangers temporaires au Canada : une sous-classe d'employés?
Cahiers québécois de démographie , 81-108
Canadian Community Health Survey linked to the Longitudinal Immigration Database