Up and on, or down and out? Gender, race, immigration status, and temporary work trajectories
Authors: Sylvia Fuller
The growing prominence of temporary employment has prompted concern about its implications for worker wellbeing and labor market inequalities. This paper considers where temporary employment leads and how outcomes vary by intersections of gender, race, and immigration status. Using data from Statistics Canada’s Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) and competing risks Cox regression, I find that temporary employment increases transition rates to new permanent jobs, but also and more markedly to new temporary jobs, to unemployment, and out of the labor force. Transition patterns vary differently by gender among temporary and permanent workers, but are largely similar for racialized and immigrant workers regardless of employment type.
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