Travel-from-home: An economic geography of commute distances in Montreal
Authors: Richard Shearmur
The question of how home and workplace are linked through commuting is at the heart of much recent work on metropolitan areas. However, the emphasis tends to be either on spatial-economic models or on the impact of empirically measured individual, household, neighborhood, and transport mode characteristics; relatively little work has focused on job characteristics and place of employment as they relate to travel to work. In this article, I investigate whether people travel different distances to access different types of job location, with particular attention to the different distances traveled by men and women. My points of reference are the major employment centers (poles) in the Montreal region. After controlling for a wide range of explanations that may account for different travel distances, I conclude that differences in commuting length between different places of work are, by and large, independent of possible explanatory factors such as residential location, economic sector, occupation, income, and participation in household earnings – some places of work generate longer commutes than others. Men and women behave differently in relation to these places: women will travel farther to access jobs in centers whereas men will not; and despite their shorter average overall commutes, women travel farther than men to reach jobs in the CBD. This suggests, at the metropolitan scale, that each job location may have its own local culture or “milieu,” and that men and women react differently to them.
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|Title||Travel-from-home: An economic geography of commute distances in Montreal|
|Journal Name||Urban Geography|
- Richard Shearmur
- Richard Shearmur
- Travel-from-home: An economic geography of commute distances in Montreal
- Urban Geography
SubjectsHousingLabourSociety and community
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