The health of Indigenous peoples living in Canada: Understanding distal, intermediate and proximal determinants of health
Authors: Christina Hackett
Understanding how proximal, intermediate, and distal determinants of Indigenous peoples’ health in Canada, relate to the physical and mental health of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit, can shed light on how to allocate health-related resources to address well documented health disparities in these groups. This dissertation contributes to the literature by addressing two population-level quantitative research questions pertaining to Indigenous peoples’ physical and mental health, and a qualitative case study examining what factors maintain and improve Indigenous community health workers’ mental wellness and access to mental health supports. First, this thesis establishes a link between being Indigenous and health-related quality of life using multivariate regressions, as well as decomposition techniques. Second, the relationship between having an ancestor who survived the Residential School System, and five physical and mental health outcomes, controlling for determinants of health are estimated using multivariate ordered logistic and logistic regressions. Third, given that Indigenous self-government is an important determinant of health and wellbeing, an explanatory single-case study design is used to explore what factors maintain and improve, or create barriers to mental wellness and access to mental health supports for Indigenous community health workers in an Indigenous-governed health system. These chapters build on each other, and use a variety of methodological approaches, to identify if and to what degree observable determinants of health account for the physical and mental health of Indigenous peoples living in Canada. Substantively, this thesis evaluates empirically, the relationship between determinants of health and health outcomes for Indigenous peoples. Findings could be used to advocate for adequate and sustained investment in programs and services responsive to the contexts and needs of Indigenous men and women living in Canada. Methodologically, novel applications of statistical/econometric methodologies, furthers understanding of quantitative relationships examined with respect to Indigenous peoples’ physical and mental health at the population-level. In terms of a theoretical contribution, this dissertation contributes by lending further insight into the empirical relationships between determinants of Indigenous peoples’ health and health outcomes, and by introducing a framework for conceptualizing factors that strengthen mental wellness of Indigenous community health workers in remote Northern contexts in Canada.
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Christina Hackett, David Feeny, and Emile Tompa (2016).
Canada's residential school system: Measuring the intergenerational impact of familial attendance on health and mental health outcomes
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health , 1096-1105
Cristina Mattison, Christina Hackett, and Michelle Dion (2017).
The factors that influence labour market outcomes for Indigenous women in Canada
Christina Hackett, Cristina Mattison, and Michelle Dion (2017).
Health, mental health, and labour market outcomes of Indigenous peoples living in Canada
Jason LeBlanc, Christine Lund, Paani Zizman, Caroline Cawley, Maegan Mazereeuw, Alexandra Hizaka, Michelle Rand, Sehar Jamal, Amanda Sheppard, and Loraine Marrett (2017).
Cancer risk factors and screening among Inuit in Ontario and other Canadian regions
Virginie Boulet (2017).
Maternité précoce et réussite scolaire chez les femmes autochtones au Canada
Yanling Guo (2016).
Diabetes among Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: Prevalence and predictors, 1991-2011
Mohammad Hajizadeh, Min Hu, Amy Bombay, and Yukiko Asada (2018).
Socioeconomic inequalities in health among Indigenous peoples living off-reserve in Canada: Trends and determinants
Health Policy , 854-865