The association between the fast-food environment and obesity in Canada: A cross-sectional analysis
Authors: Simon Hollands
Frequent fast-food consumption is associated with weight gain therefore it is hypothesized that relative availability of fast-food is a risk factor for obesity. This thesis examined the association between the neighbourhood-level density of fast-food outlets and adult body mass index (BMI) in Canada. Population-based data on BMI and socio-economic variables from the 2008 Canadian Community Health Survey [CCHS] and selected neighbourhood-level socio-economic data from 2006 Canadian Census were merged with a commercial database containing geographic locations of all restaurants in Canada. The association between BMI and fast-food density (per 10,000 people in CCHS respondent’s FSA) was analyzed using ordinary least squares regression. Spatial clustering of BMI was also investigated and spatial-regression analysis was conducted. FSA-level fast-food density is significantly associated with BMI in Canadian adults, predominantly in females and non-rural area. This population-based analysis established that availability of fast-food restaurants is an important risk factor for obesity in Canada.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
Simon Hollands, M. Karen Campbell, Jason Gilliland, and Sisira Sarma (2014).
Association between neighbourhood fast-food and full-service restaurant density and body mass index: A cross-sectional study of Canadian adults
Canadian Journal of Public Health , 172-178
Simon Hollands, M. Karen Campbell, Jason Gilliland, and Sisira Sarma (2013).
A spatial analysis of the association between restaurant density and body mass index in Canadian adults
Preventive Medicine , 258-264
Yigit Aydede (2014).
Spatial regularities between non-immigrant and immigrant numbers in Canada
Migration Letters , 11-Jan
Chakraborty, Liton, Thistlethwaite, Jason, Minano, Andrea, Henstra, Daniel, and Scott, Daniel (2021).
Leveraging Hazard, Exposure, and Social Vulnerability Data to Assess Flood Risk to Indigenous Communities in Canada
International Journal of Disaster Risk Science , 821-838
Mahmoud Torabi, Harminder Singh, Katie Galloway, and Sara J. Israels (2015).
Geographical variation in the incidence of childhood leukaemia in Manitoba
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health , 1121-1126