On the relationship between innovation and wage inequality: New evidence from Canadian cities
Authors: Sébastien Breau, Dieter Kogler, and Kenyon Bolton
In this article, we examine the link between innovation and earnings inequality across Canadian cities over the 1996-2006 period. We do so using a novel data set that combines information from the Canadian long-form census and the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The analysis reveals that there is a positive relationship between innovation and inequality: cities with higher levels of innovation have more unequal distributions of earnings. Other factors influencing differences in inequality include city size, manufacturing and government employment, the percentage of visible minority in an urban population, and educational inequality. These results are robust to the use of different measures of inequality, innovation, alternative specifications, and instrumental variables estimations. Questions are thus raised about how the benefits of innovation are distributed in society and the long-term sustainability of such trends.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
Yannick Marchand, Jean Dubé, and Sébastien Breau (2020).
Exploring the causes and consequences of regional income inequality in Canada
Economic Geography , 83-107
Sébastien Breau and Jurgen Essletzbichler (2013).
Environment and Planning A , 1775-1784
Sébastien Breau (2014).
The occupy movement and the geography of the top 1% in Canada
Antipode , 13-33
Yannick Marchand, Sebastien Breau, and Jurgen Essletzbichler (2019).
How does inequality affect growth? Evidence from a panel of Canadian regions
Canadian Journal of Regional Science , 130-139
Yannick Marchand, Sébastien Breau, and Jurgen Essletzbichler (2017).
The inequality-growth relationship: Evidence from a panel of Canadian regions
Donald J. Savoie Institute
Sébastien Breau and Richard Saillant (2016).
Regional income disparities in Canada: Exploring the geographical dimensions of an old debate
Regional Studies, Regional Science , 463-481