Disaggregating Canadian immigrant smoking behaviour by country of birth
Authors: Bruce Newbold and David Neligan
As of the 2006 census, nearly one fifth of Canada’s population was foreign-born. With such a sizeable and fast-growing immigrant population, research in immigrant health in Canada is increasingly important, including research on the smoking behaviours of Canada’s immigrants. Research has shown that immigrants are significantly less likely to smoke than non-immigrants, yet differences by immigrant origins have yet to be fully explored. This paper explores smoking prevalence and cessation amongst immigrants in Canada disaggregated by country of birth. Additionally, it examines the impact of neighbourhood level effects on smoking cessation to determine if residential location has an impact on the likelihood of quitting. Results reveal important heterogeneities previously unseen in studies employing aggregate data. While immigrants in general were less likely to smoke than non-immigrants, and are also more likely to quit than non-immigrants, considerable variation exists between immigrant groups defined by origin region or country. Asian immigrants were the least likely to smoke but exhibited the greatest variation between countries of origin. Vietnamese men were found to be the most likely immigrant group to smoke and among the least likely to quit. While neighbourhood disadvantage was negatively associated with quitting smoking, it is not as important as individual socioeconomic characteristics in explaining variations in smoking cessation. The research illustrates the need for disaggregated data to account for the diversity of Canada’s immigrant population.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
|Author||Bruce Newbold and David Neligan|
|Title||Disaggregating Canadian immigrant smoking behaviour by country of birth|
|Journal Name||Social Science and Medicine|
|Institution||Institute for Research on Public Policy|
- Bruce Newbold
- Bruce Newbold and David Neligan
- Disaggregating Canadian immigrant smoking behaviour by country of birth
- Social Science and Medicine
S. Karmakar and F. C. Breslin (2008).
The role of educational level and job characteristics on the health of young adults
Social Science and Medicine , 2011-2022
Marcie Snyder and Kathi Wilson (2012).
Urban Aboriginal mobility in Canada: Examining the association with health care utilization
Social Science and Medicine , 2420-2424
Lu Wang and Wei Hu (2013).
Immigrant health, place effect and regional disparities in Canada
Social Science and Medicine , 17-Aug
L. Strohschein, P. McDonough, G. Monette, and Q. Shao (2005).
Marital transitions and mental health: Are there gender differences in the short-term effects of marital status change?
Social Science and Medicine , 2293-2303
Ling Na and Dale Hample (2016).
Psychological pathways from social integration to health: An examination of different demographic groups in Canada
Social Science and Medicine , 196-205
Lan Wei and David Feeny (2019).
The dynamics of the gradient between child's health and family income: Evidence from Canada
Social Science and Medicine , 182-189
James H. Fagg, Sarah E. Curtis, Steven Cummins, Stephen A. Stansfeld, and Amélie Quesnel-Vallée (2013).
Neighbourhood deprivation and adolescent self-esteem: Exploration of the 'socio-economic equalisation in youth' hypothesis in Britain and Canada
Social Science and Medicine , 168-117