Different types of urban natural environments influence various dimensions of self-reported health
Auteurs: Ingrid Jarvis, Mieke Koehoorn, Sarah E. Gergel, et Matilda van den Bosch
Veuillez noter que les résumés n'apparaissent que dans la langue de la publication et peuvent ne pas avoir de traduction.
Highlights * Exposure to water and vegetated land cover was associated with self-rated health. * Exposure to aggregated greenspace was not associated with self-reported health. * Access to public greenspace was not associated with self-reported health. * Associations between nature contact and self-reported health differed by gender. * Type and form of contact appear to be important factors to nature-health relations. Abstract Background Growing evidence suggests health benefits of natural environments. Yet, the effects of different types of natural environments (vegetation and water features) and forms of human-nature contact (access versus exposure) remain relatively unexplored. Methods A cross-sectional observational survey was used to analyse the relationship between both access and exposure to different types of urban natural environments and health outcomes in Metro Vancouver, Canada. Data for health outcomes (self-reported general health, mental health, and common mental disorders) and key confounders were obtained from the 2013–2014 Canadian Community Health Survey. Natural environments were quantified using local land use and land cover data, and linked to survey respondents by six-digit postal code. Access was defined as living within 300 m of a public greenspace (- 1 hectare) and exposure as the percentage of different land cover types within multiple buffer distances of postal code centroids. Separate logistic regression models were used to estimate the associations of the access and exposure metrics with the three health outcomes. Results Exposure to water within 1,000 m buffers was associated with a reduced odds of reporting poor general health (OR = 0.982, 95% CI = 0.965, 0.999). A similar association was found for exposure to shrub and grass-herb vegetation types for reported mental health and common mental disorder, respectively (OR = 0.741, 95% CI = 0.576, 0.953 for shrubs in 250 m; OR = 0.737, 95% CI = 0.577, 0.942 for shrubs in 500 m; OR = 0.731, 95% CI = 0.570, 0.938 for shrubs in 1,000 m; OR = 0.980, 95% CI = 0.965, 0.995 for grass-herbs in 250 m). Neither access to public greenspace nor aggregated greenspace exposure were associated with self-reported health. Results from stratified analyses suggest that observed associations between human-nature contact and self-reported health differ according to gender. Conclusions Results suggest that type of natural environment should be considered in future research studying the health-promoting aspects of natural environments, and that positive health effects may be more consistent for daily life exposure than for access to public greenspace.
|Type||Article de journal|
|Auteur||Ingrid Jarvis, Mieke Koehoorn, Sarah E. Gergel, et Matilda van den Bosch|
|Année de pulication||2020|
|Titre||Different types of urban natural environments influence various dimensions of self-reported health|
|Nom du Journal||Environmental Research|
|Langue de publication||Anglais|
- Ingrid Jarvis
- Ingrid Jarvis, Mieke Koehoorn, Sarah E. Gergel, et Matilda van den Bosch
- Different types of urban natural environments influence various dimensions of self-reported health
- Environmental Research
Anders C. Erickson, Michael Brauer, Tanya Christidis, Lauren Pinault, Daniel L. Crouse, Aaronvan Donkelaar, Scott Weichenthal, Amanda Pappin, Michael Tjepkema, Randall V. Martin, Jeffrey R. Brook, Perry Hystad, et Richard T. Burnett (2019).
Evaluation of a method to indirectly adjust for unmeasured covariates in the association between fine particulate matter and mortality
Environmental Research , 108-116
Stéphane Buteau, Maryam Shekarrizfard, Marianne Hatzopolou, Philippe Gamache, Ling Liu, et Audrey Smargiassi (2020).
Air pollution from industries and asthma onset in childhood: A population-based birth cohort study using dispersion modeling
Emily J. Rugel, Richard M. Carpiano, Sarah B. Henderson, et Michael Brauer (2019).
Exposure to natural space, sense of community belonging, and adverse mental health outcomes across an urban region
Environmental Research , 365-377
Audrey Smargiassi, Elhadji Anassour Laouan Sidi, Louis-Etienne Robert, Céline Plante, Mona Haddad, Philippe Gamache, Rick Burnett, Sophie Goudreau, Ling Liu, Michel Fournier, Eric Pelletier, et Ines Yankoty (2020).
Exposure to ambient air pollutants and the onset of dementia in Québec, Canada
Charlene C.Nielsen, Carl G. Amrhein, Prakesh S. Shah, David M. Stieb, Alvaro R.Osornio-Vargas, Canadian Neonatal Network, et DoMiNO Team (2020).
Space-time hot spots of critically ill small for gestational age newborns and industrial air pollutants in major metropolitan areas of Canada
Xiaochen Tai et Yue Chen (2016).
Urinary bisphenol A concentrations positively associated with glycated hemoglobin and other indicators of diabetes in Canadian men
Environmental Research , 172-178
Nelson Lau, Mary Jane Smith, Atanu Sarkara, et Zhiwei Gao (2020).
Effects of low exposure to traffic related air pollution on childhood asthma onset by age 10 years