Connecting the dots between social policy and aggregate outcomes: Recent standardized poverty trends
Authors: Charles Plante and Axel van den Berg
A handful of poverty analysts have noted that we rarely consider the differential demographic and economic compositions of states when we compare their aggregate poverty levels. This has made for some unusual patterns in provincial level poverty findings. While Quebec has only performed moderately in terms of overall poverty during the last 15 years, a number of researchers continue to highlight the coincident positive impact that several new measures have had on target groups such as single mothers and dual-parent working families. This paper presents standardized poverty estimates for Canada’s four largest provinces that are not unlike the kinds of standardized life expectancy estimates that have become commonplace in the health sciences. We find that controlling for compositional differences between the four largest Canadian provinces resolves the incongruity observed in Quebec. At the same time, the poverty reduction policies of some other provinces, especially Alberta, are found to be less effective than would have been expected if we only considered non-standardized rates. While surely economies as a whole determine provincial levels of well-being, we argue that making these kinds of adjustments are essential for considering the impacts of social policies in a causal light.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
Daniel Fuller, Joshua Neudorf, Stuart Lockhart, Charles Plante, Hazel Roberts, Thilina Bandara, and Cory Neudorf (2019).
Individual- and area-level socioeconomic inequalities in diabetes mellitus in Saskatchewan between 2007 and 2012: A cross-sectional analysis
CMAJ Open , E33-E39
Charles Plante, Sharalynn Missiuna, and Cory Neudorf (2020).
Urban income-related health inequalities in Canada: City-level results in health system use and self-reported indicators / Les inégalités en santé urbaine liées au revenu au Canada : Résultats au niveau des villes d’indicateurs d’utilisation des systèmes de santé et d’indicateurs autodéclarés
Axel van den Berg, Charles Plante, Hicham Raïq, Christine Proulx, and Samuel Faustmann (2017).
Combating poverty: Quebec's pursuit of a distinctive welfare state
Cordell Neudorf, Joshua Neudorf, Stuart Lockhart, Charles Plante, Daniel Fuller, Hazel Williams-Roberts, Thilina Bandara, and Lisa Thurairasu (2016).
Changes in social inequalities in health over time in Saskatchewan
Charles Plante (2019).
Policy or window dressing? Exploring the impact of poverty reduction strategies on poverty among the Canadian provinces
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy , 112-136
Charles Plante, Hicham Raïq, and Axel van den Berg (2013).
An early look at labour market activation and family poverty outcomes in Canada's four largest provinces
Missiuna, Sharalynn, Charles Plante, Punam Pahwa, Nazeem Muhajarine, and Cory Neudorf. (2021).
Trends in Inequalities in Mental Health Disorders in Urban Canada
Canadian Journal of Public Health , 629-637