Cardiometabolic risk factors in childhood, adolescent and young adult survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia – A Petale cohort
Auteurs: Emile Levy, Mariia Samoilenko, Sophia Morel, Jade England, Devendra Amre, Laurence Bertout, Simon Drouin, Caroline Laverdière, Maja Krajinovic, Daniel Sinnett, Genevieve Lefebvre, et Valérie Marcil
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Our objectives were to assess the prevalence of cardiometabolic complications in children, adolescents, and young adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL), to identify their predictors and the risk compared to the Canadian population. We performed a cardiometabolic assessment of cALL survivors from the PETALE cohort (n=247, median age at visit of 21.7 years). In our group, overweight and obesity affected over 70% of women. Pre-hypertension and hypertension were mostly common in men, both adults (20%) and children (19%). Prediabetes was mainly present in women (6.1% of female adult survivors) and 41.3% had dyslipidemia. Cranial radiation therapy was a predictor of dyslipidemia (RR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.07-2.41) and high LDL-cholesterol (RR: 4.78, 95% CI: 1.72-13.28). Male gender was a predictor for pre-hypertension and hypertension (RR: 5.12, 95% CI: 1.81-14.46). Obesity at the end of treatment was a predictor of obesity at interview (RR: 2.07, 95% CI: 1.37-3.14) and of metabolic syndrome (RR: 3.04, 95% CI: 1.14-8.09). Compared to the general population, cALL survivors were at higher risk of having the metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, pre-hypertension/hypertension and high LDL-cholesterol, while the risk for obesity was not different. Our results support the need for early screening and lifestyle intervention in this population.
Maxime Caru, Mariia Samoilenko, Simon Drouin, Valérie Lemay, Laurence Kern, Lucia Romo, Laurence Bertout, Geneviève Lefbvre, Gregor Andelfinger, Maja Krajinovic, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, et Daniel Curnier (2019).
Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivors have a substantially lower cardiorespiratory fitness level than healthy Canadians despite a clinically equivalent level of physical activity
Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology