Canadian immigrants’ time investment on children
Authors: Allison Mascella, Ana Ferrer, and Mikal Skuterud
The time spent by parents on education and caregiving activities enriches the quality of the family environment. The quality of the family environment influences the process of child development and can predict productivity and academic achievement later in life. Besides health and work hours there is little work on time spent by immigrants and in particular, the time immigrant parents invest in their children. In this paper we use the General Social Survey to construct measures of time-use in caregiving activities provided by parents for their children and in academic activity engaged in by students. From a sample of female parents surveyed during the school year whose youngest child in the house is no older than 14, we find that, conditional on participation, female parents from Asia and South Central America spend more minutes per day on education activity with their children compared to native born Canadian female parents. We find that students with Asian mothers or fathers are more likely to participate in homework activity and, conditional on participation, spend more minutes per day on homework activity compared to students with Canadian born mothers or fathers.
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