A population-based profile of adult Canadians living with participation and activity limitations
Authors: Donna Goodridge, Josh Lawson, Darcy Marciniuk, and Donna Rennie
Background: Currently, one out of every seven Canadians is affected by limitations to their participation and activity. This study describes the self-reported main causes of these limitations in a national sample. Methods: The 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey was a two-phase stratified survey based on filter questions posed in the 2006 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada. Respondents to the survey represent 5 185 980 Canadian adults with activity and participation limitations. We used these data to develop a profile of our population of interest: adult Canadians with activity and participation limitations. Associations between demographic variables and self-reported causes of activity and participation limitations were assessed using multiple logistic regression. Results: One quarter of participants did not attribute their disability to any medical cause. The most prevalent medical conditions to which disabilities were attributed were musculoskeletal (46.1%), cardio/cerebrovascular (12.3%), mental health (8.4%), neurologic (6.0%), endocrine (6.0%) and respiratory (4.5%) conditions. Significant associations were noted between sociodemographic variables and participants’ attributions of medical conditions as cause of disability. Multiple logistic regression with bootstrapping showed that people who reported a medical cause for their limitation were more likely (p < 0.05) to be female, widowed, 40 years of age or older, born in Canada or white and were less likely (p < 0.05) to be in the highest income category or to be employed (i.e., to work more than 0 h/w). Interpretation: Most people living with activity and participation limitations report having a musculoskeletal disorder. However, a significant proportion of respondants did not attribute their limitations to a medical cause.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
|Author||Donna Goodridge, Josh Lawson, Darcy Marciniuk, and Donna Rennie|
|Title||A population-based profile of adult Canadians living with participation and activity limitations|
|Journal Name||Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ)|
- Donna Goodridge
- Donna Goodridge, Josh Lawson, Darcy Marciniuk, and Donna Rennie
- A population-based profile of adult Canadians living with participation and activity limitations
- Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ)
Susan Quach, Jemila Hamid, Jennifer Peirera, Christine Heiderbrect, Sherman Quan, Natasha Crowcroft, Shelley Deeks, and Jeff Kwong (2012).
Influenza vaccination coverage across ethnic groups in Canada
Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) , 1673-1681
Tracie O. Afifi, Harriet L. MacMillan, Michael Boyle, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, and Jitender Sareen (2014).
Child abuse and mental disorders in Canada
Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) , E324-E332
Cynthia K. Colapinto, Deborah L. O'Connor, and Mark S. Tremblay (2011).
Folate status of the population in the Canadian Health Measures Survey
Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) , E100-106
Jitender Sareen, Tracie O. Afifi, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Sarah Turner, Shay-Lee Bolton, Julie Erickson, Murray B. Stein, Deniz Fikretoglu, and Mark A. Zamorski (2016).
Trends in suicidal behaviour and use of mental health services in Canadian military and civilian populations
Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) , E261-E267
Ian Colman, Kiyuri Naicker, Yiye Zeng, Anushka Ataullahjan, Ambikaipakan Senthilselvan, and Scott B. Patten (2011).
Predictors of long-term prognosis of depression
Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) , 1969-1976
Mark S. Tremblay and J. Douglas Willms (2000).
Secular trends in the body mass index of Canadian children
Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) , 1429-1433
Simone N. Vigod, Lesley A. Tarasoff, Barbara Bryja, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Mark H. Yudin, and Lori E. Ross (2013).
Relation between place of residence and postpartum depression
Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) , 1129-1135