The effect of college education on health and mortality: Evidence from Canada
Authors: Guy Lacroix, Francois Laliberté-Auger, Pierre-Carl Michaud, and Daniel Parent
We investigate the returns to college attendance in Canada in terms of health and mortality reduction. To do so, we first use a dynamic health microsimulation model to document how interventions that incentivize college attendance among high school graduates may impact their health trajectory, health care consumption, and life expectancy. We find large returns both in terms of evity (4.1 years additional years at age 51), reduction in the prevalence of various health conditions (10-15 percentage points reduction in diabetes and 5 percentage points for stroke), and health care consumption (27.3% reduction in lifetime hospital stays, 19.7 for specialists). We find that education impacts mortality mostly by delaying the incidence of health conditions as well as providing a survival advantage conditional on having diseases. Second, we provide quasi-experimental evidence on the impact of college attendance on long-term health outcomes by exploiting the Canadian Veteran’s Rehabilitation Act, a program targeted towards returning WW-II veterans and which incentivized college attendance. The impact on mortality is found to be larger than those estimated from the health microsimulation model (hazard ratio of 0.216 compared with 0.6 in the simulation model), which suggests substantial returns to college education in terms of healthy life extension which we estimate to be approximately one million Canadian dollars.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
|Author||Guy Lacroix, Francois Laliberté-Auger, Pierre-Carl Michaud, and Daniel Parent|
|Title||The effect of college education on health and mortality: Evidence from Canada|
|Volume||ePub ahead of Print|
|Journal Name||Health Economics|
- Guy Lacroix
- Guy Lacroix, Francois Laliberté-Auger, Pierre-Carl Michaud, and Daniel Parent
- The effect of college education on health and mortality: Evidence from Canada
- Health Economics
- ePub ahead of Print
Ehsan Latif (2013).
The impact of macroeconomic conditions on obesity in Canada
Health Economics , 751-759
Sisira Sarma, Rose Anne Devlin, Jason Gilliland, M. Karen Campbell, and Gregory S. Zaric (2014).
The effect of leisure-time physical activity on obesity, diabetes, high BP and heart disease among Canadians: Evidence from 2000/01 to 2005/06.
Health Economics , 1531-1547
Angela Daley, Muntasir Rahman, and Barry Watson (2021).
A breath of fresh air: The effect of public smoking bans on Indigenous youth
Health Economics , 1517-1539
M. Dooley and Jennifer M. Stewart (2007).
Family income, parenting styles and child behavioural-emotional outcomes
Health Economics , 145-162
Mehrdad Roham, Anait R. Gabrielyan, Norman P. Archer, Michel L. Grignon, and Byron G. Spencer (2014).
The impact of technological intensity of service provision on physician expenditures: An exploratory investigation
Health Economics , 1224-1241
Christopher S. Carpenter and Hai V. Nguyen (2015).
Effects of a driver cellphone ban on overall, handheld, and hands-free cellphone use while driving: New evidence from Canada
Health Economics , 1452-1467
Audrey Laporte, Alfia Karimova, and Brian Ferguson (2010).
Quantile regression analysis of the rational addiction model: Investigating heterogeneity in forward-looking behaviour
Health Economics , 1063-1074