Men and women’s childhood sexual abuse and victimization in adult partner relationships: A study of risk factors
Authors: Isabelle Daigneault, Martine Hébert, and Pierre McDuff
Objectives (1) Document the prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood physical assault, psychological, physical and sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) in a nationally representative sample. (2) Assess the predictive value of CSA and other characteristics of the respondents and their current partners as potential risk factors for IPV. (3) Assess factors predicting IPV in adulthood in a subsample of women reporting CSA. Methods The role of CSA as a risk factor for adult IPV was examined using data from the 1999 Canadian General Social Survey. A national stratified sample of 9170 women and 7823 men with current or previous partners were interviewed by telephone by Statistics Canada. Multiple logistic regressions were used. Results CSA consistently predicted IPV for women and men, although this relationship was weaker for men. Age, current marital status and limitations due to physical or mental condition or chronic illness were also predictors of IPV for men and women. For women reporting CSA, age (being younger) or being in a more recent relationship and being limited due to either physical, mental conditions or chronic illness were predictive of adult victimization. Conclusions These findings indicate that CSA is associated with a greater risk of IPV beyond sociodemographic risk factors. Practice implications To prevent IPV in women already at risk because of CSA, education about protective strategies seems important, particularly for women with physical or mental limitations, in the beginning stages of intimate relationships or for women with partners who drink excessively.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
Tracie O. Afifi, Harriet L. MacMillan, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Sarah Turner, Lil Tonmyr, and Wendy Hovdestad (2015).
Relationship between child abuse exposure and reported contact with child protective organizations: Results from the Canadian Community Health Survey
Child Abuse and Neglect , 198-206
Elisa Romano, Tessa Bell, and Jean-Michel Billette (2011).
Prevalence and correlates of multiple victimization in a nation-wide adolescent sample
Child Abuse and Neglect , 468-479
Sarah Turner, Caitlin Menzies, Janique Fortier, Isabel Garces, Shannon Struck, Tamara Taillieu, Katholiki Georgiades, and Tracie O. Afifi (2020).
Child maltreatment and sleep problems among adolescents in Ontario: A cross sectional study
Child Abuse and Neglect , 8-Jan
Sabrina Frechette and Elisa Romano (2017).
How do parents label their physical disciplinary practices? A focus on the definition of corporal punishment
Child Abuse and Neglect , 92-103
Tracie O. Afifi, Jill McTavish, Sarah Turner, Harriet L. MacMillan, and C. Nadine Wathen (2018).
The relationship between contact with child protection organizations and mental health outcomes among adults with a child abuse history in Canada
Child Abuse and Neglect , 22-30
Esme Fuller-Thomson and Danielle A. Lewis (2015).
The relationship between early adversities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Child Abuse and Neglect , 94-101
Jean-Denis David (2019).
Exploration des facteurs associés à la confi ance des Autochtones envers la police au Canada : la pertinence du modèle expressif
Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice , 120-138