Is social capital mediating the relationship between ethnicity and health in Canada?
Authors: Gobika Sriranganathan
Ethnic minorities in Canada experience poorer health compared to their Canadian counterparts, on several important health outcomes. This study examines whether social capital – measured by social networks, civic engagement and trust – may offer an explanation for the continued persistence of these health inequities. Bivariate and logistic regression analysis was performed using the 2008 General Social Survey to investigate whether ethnicity and/or social capital are associated with self-reported health and if social capital is mediating the relationship between ethnicity and health. The study found that ethnicity was significantly associated with self-reported health with respondents identifying as South Asian, Aboriginal or Chinese, being significantly more likely to report poorer health compared to other Canadians. Furthermore, measures of civic engagement and generalized trust were positively and significantly associated with health. Although this study was unable to conclude that social capital is mediating the relationship between ethnicity and health, it explored the operationalization of social capital measures that could have policy or program evaluation implications. Further research is needed to confirm the findings of this study.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
Laura Jane Duncan (2010).
Income and area effects on voluntary association membership in Canada
Canadian Journal of Sociology , 573-594
Hossam Ali-Hassan, Vineeth Sekharan, and Theresa Kim (2019).
Internet non-use among the Canadian older adult population: General Social Survey (GSS)
The Journal of Community Informatics , 61-77
Marc-Antoine Busque and Jacques Légaré (2012).
Les besoins non comblés de services à domicile chez les aînés canadiens
Revue canadienne du vieillissement , 271-283
France-Pascale Ménard, Céline Le Bourdais, and Dana Hamplová (2010).
Les parcours familiaux des Canadiens âgés d'aujourd'hui et de demain: Aperçu des changements démographiques des quarante dernières années
Relations intergénérationnelles. Enjeux démographiques , 141-156
Peter C. Coyte, Josephine C. Jacobs, Carita Ng, and Meredith Lilly (2012).
Exploring the economic consequences of caregiving to family and friends in Canada: Applied analysis of 2007 figures
Andrea M. L. Perrella, Steven D. Brown, and Barry Kay (2019).
Profile of the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual electorate in Canada
Benoît Laplante (2016).
A matter of norms: Family background, religion, and generational change in the diffusion of first union breakdown among French-speaking Quebeckers
Demographic Research , 783-812