Educational Attainment, Gender, and Age: Do educational attainment, gender and age affect labour market outcomes of immigrants?
Authors: Valerie Preston, Nina Damsbaek, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, John Shields, and Steven Tufts
Key Points: * The wage gap between Canadian-born and immigrants is larger for adults with more education. * Both Canadian-born and immigrant women consistently earn less than their male counterparts. Female immigrants – specifically, recent immigrants – with less education are the worst off. * The unemployment rates for all immigrants are higher than for the Canadian-born at every level of education, despite similar participation rates in the labour market. * Immigrant women with college and university education have the lowest unemployment rates of all immigrant women. For immigrant men, the lowest unemployment rates occur for men who have trades qualifications. * Across all age groups, the largest differences in unemployment and participation rates between Canadian-born and immigrant adults are found among those with a university degree.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
Valerie Preston, Nina Damsbaek, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, John Shields, and Steven Tufts (2010).
What are the labour market outcomes for university-educated immigrants?
John Shields, Mai Phan, Fang Yang, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, Valerie Preston, and Steven Tufts (2010).
Does returning to school after immigration affect labour market outcomes for immigrants?
Valerie Preston and Brian Ray (2020).
Placing the second generation: A case study of Toronto
The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien , 215-231
Lucia Lo, Nina Damsbaek, Mai Phan, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Tony Fang, Valerie Preston, and Steven Tufts (2010).
Place of Study of Highest Education: Are degrees/diplomas from inside and outside of Canada valued differently in the labour market?
Marshia Akbar, Brian Ray, Damaris Rose, and Valerie Preston (2019).
Industry of employment by immigration status: A comparison of major cities in Ontario and Quebec
Valerie Preston, Mai Phan, Marshia Akbar, Stella Park, and Philip Kelly (2011).
How does full/part-time employment status affect labour market outcomes of immigrants over time?
TIEDI Analytical Report , 14-Jan