Are Canadian soldiers more likely to have suicidal ideation and suicide attempts than Canadian civilians?
Authors: Shay-Lee Belik, Murray B. Stein, Gordon J. G. Asmundson, and Jitender Sareen
Significant controversy exists as to whether soldiers are at an increased risk for suicide and suicidal behaviours compared with civilians. Furthermore, little is known about whether risk factors for suicidal behaviours in civilian populations are generalizable to soldiers. The aim of the current study is to determine whether the prevalence and correlates of past-year suicidal ideation and suicide attempts differ in Canadian soldiers when compared with Canadian civilians. The current study utilized data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.2-Canadian Forces Supplement in confunction with the 2001-2002 Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.2. Logistic regression interaction models were used to explore differences between correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts comparing Canadian soldiers with civilians. Although there was no significant difference between the two samples on prevalence of past-year suicidal ideation, the prevalence of past-year suicide attempts was significantly lower in the Canadian forces sample compared with the civilian population (odds ratio = 0.41, 95% confidence interval: 0.25, 0.67). findings suggest that suicide attempts are less common in Canadian active military personnel than in the civilian population. Possible mechanisms forthese differences are discussed.
Please note that abstracts only appear in the language of the publication and might not have a translation.
Nancy Low, Tuong-Vi Nguyen, and S. Lee (2010).
The role of social support in co-occurrence of alcohol use and mood disorders in a large, nationally-representative sample
American Journal of Epidemiology
Aline Drapeau, Alain Lesage, and Richard Boyer (2005).
Interaction of social anchorage and gender in the use of mental health services
American Journal of Epidemiology
Ban Al-Sahab, Chris I. Ardern, Mazen J. Hamadeh, and Hala Tamim (2011).
Early menarche predicts incidence of asthma in early adulthood
American Journal of Epidemiology , 64-70
Changes in perceived job strain and the risk of major depression: results from a population-based longitudinal study
American Journal of Epidemiology , 1085-1091
Arsham Alamian and Gilles Paradis (2009).
Correlates of multiple chronic disease behavioural risk factors in Canadian children and adolescents
American Journal of Epidemiology , 1279-1289
JianLi Wang and Scott B. Patten (2011).
Job strain and the risk of depression: Is reporting biased? (Comment)
American Journal of Epidemiology , 125-126
Shay-Lee Belik, Murray B. Stein, Gordon J. G. Asmundson, and Jitender Sareen (2009).
Relation between traumatic events and suicide attempts in Canadian military personnel
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry , 93-104
Jitender Sareen, Brian J. Cox, Tracie O. Afifi, Murray B. Stein Murray, Shay-Lee Belik, Graham Meadows, and Gordon J. G. Asmundson (2007).
Combat and peacekeeping operations in relation to prevalence of mental disorders and perceived need for mental health care: Findings from a large representative sample of military personnel
Archives of General Psychiatry , 843-852